News

FAA Modifies Restrictions on Drone Operations over DoD Facilities

At the request of the Department of Defense, and federal security and law enforcement agencies, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has been using its existing authority under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations 99.7 Special Security Instructions to address the potential threat posed by malicious drone operations by establishing Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) specific airspace restrictions over select, national security sensitive locations.

Information on the FAA Notice to Airmen (NOTAM), which defines these restrictions, and all of the currently covered locations, can be found on our website. This linked FAA website provides an interactive map, downloadable geospatial data, and other important information. A link to these restrictions is also included in the FAAs B4UFLY mobile app. Additional information, including frequently asked questions, is available on the FAAs UAS website.

In response to recent requests by federal agencies, the FAA is establishing new or modifying existing restrictions on drone flights up to 400 feet within the lateral boundaries of the following four sites:

  • Naval Support Activity Monterey, Monterey, CA (new)
  • Naval Air Station Kingsville, Kingsville, TX (new)
  • Naval Support Activity Orlando, Orlando, FL (new)
  • Naval Support Activity South Potomac, Indian Head, MD (boundary change)

These changes, which have been highlighted by FAA NOTAM FDC 8/9176, are pending until they become effective on June 1.

FDC 8/9176SECURITY SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS (SSI) PERTAINING TO UNMANNED ACFT SYSTEM (UAS) OPS OVER MULTIPLE LOCATIONS NATIONWIDE. THIS NOTAM SUPPLEMENTS FDC 7/7282, AND DESCRIBES THE CHANGES MADE TO THE UAS-SPECIFIC SSI AIRSPACE DEFINED BY FDC 7/7282 AND IMPLEMENTED PURSUANT TO 14 C.F.R. 99.7 FOR NATIONAL SECURITY SENSITIVE LOCATIONS. THESE CHANGES INCLUDE THE ADDITION OF NEW COVERED LOCATIONS AND THE REVISION OF SOME PRE-EXISTING INDIVIDUAL SSI AIRSPACE. THE UPDATED LIST OF AFFECTED AIRSPACE AND ASSOCIATED PROTECTED LOCATIONS, AND OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED AT THE FOLLOWING FAA WEBSITE: HTTP://UAS.FAA.OPENDATA.ARCGIS.COM. SEE FDC 7/7282 FOR COMPLETE INFORMATION ON THESE SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS.
01 JUN 04:00 2018 UNTIL 15 JUN 04:00 2018.

Note that there are only a few exceptions that permit drone flights within these restrictions, and they must be coordinated with the individual facility and/or the FAA.

Operators who violate the airspace restrictions may be subject to enforcement action, including potential civil penalties and criminal charges.

The FAA is continuing to consider additional requests by federal agencies for UAS-specific airspace restrictions using the FAAs 99.7 authority as they are received. Additional changes to these restrictions will be announced by the FAA as appropriate.

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control Accidents

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the general aviation (GA) communitys national #FlySafe campaign helps educate GA pilots about the best practices to calculate and predict aircraft performance and to operate within established aircraft limitations.

A Loss of Control (LOC) accident can happen when the aircraft exits its normal flight envelope and enters into a stall or spin. If a pilot is not paying close attention, the departure from controlled flight can be a surprise, adding confusion at a time when every second counts.

What is Best Glide Speed?
To answer that question, its best to first look at what youre trying to do. Are you looking for the speed that will get you the greatest distance or the speed that helps you achieve the longest time in the air? Or, are these two the same: the longer you fly, the further you will go?

Distance
If youre looking for distance, youll need to use the speed and configuration that will give you the most distance for each increment of altitude lost. This is called Best Glide Speed, and on most airplanes, it is roughly halfway between Vx (best angle of climb speed) and Vy (best rate of climb speed).

Not all manufacturers publish a best glide speed, but some do, and its a good idea to find the published speed best for your aircraft.

Best glide speed will increase with weight, so many manufacturers will establish this speed at gross weight for the aircraft. This means that your best glide speed will be a little lower for lower aircraft weights.

Time in the Air
If you are more interested in staying in the air as long as possible, then you are looking for minimum sink speed. This speed is rarely found in pilot operating handbooks, but it is a little less than maximum glide range speed.

Check it Out
If youre interested in getting to know these speeds for your specific aircraft, try these experiments on a dual flight with your flight instructor:

  • Start at Vy, or the manufacturers recommended best glide speed with power off, and note speed versus sink rate as you adjust pitch to reduce airspeed. You should do this as close to your typical weight as possible.
  • To identify minimum sink speed, look for the highest speed forward that will give you the lowest rate of descent.

How Far Can I Go?
Knowing how many miles you can glide per 1,000 feet of altitude is another very useful piece of information. Generally, Cessna 152s and 172s will glide 1.5 nautical miles per 1,000 feet of altitude above ground level. Check it out with your aircraft and your flight instructor.

Forced Landing
Practice before you need it! Practice power off approaches at typical mission weights. Doing so will keep these skills from getting rusty.

When practicing a power-off landing, try aiming for a spot a little more than a third of the way down the landing area. Once you are certain you will safely make that spot, add flaps and consider slipping the airplane to steepen your approach and land a little sooner. This will help you reduce the chances of landing short of the runway or entering a stall while trying to stretch the glide to the runway.

Position, Position, Position!!
For any type of gliding approach, youll want to reach a key position on base from which you will know you can make a safe and successful landing. Until you get there, keep your airplane configured for the best glide. After you pass the key position, add flaps and gear to configure the airplane for landing and fly the final approach at 1.3 times the stalling speed in landing configuration (1.3 Vso).

The FAAs Airplane Flying Handbook has several helpful diagrams.

Message from Acting FAA Administrator Daniel Elwell:
The FAA and industry are working together to prevent Loss of Control (LOC) accidents and save lives. You can help make a difference by joining our #Fly Safe campaign. Every month on FAA.gov, we provide pilots with Loss of Control solutions developed by a team of experts some of which are already reducing risk. I hope you will join us in this effort and spread the word. Follow #FlySafe on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. I know that we can reduce these accidents by working together as a community.

More about Loss of Control
Contributing factors may include:

  • Poor judgment or aeronautical decision making
  • Failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action
  • Intentional failure to comply with regulations
  • Failure to maintain airspeed
  • Failure to follow procedure
  • Pilot inexperience and proficiency
  • Use of prohibited or over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol

Did you know?

  • From October 2016 through September 2017, 247 people died in 209 general aviation accidents.
  • Loss of Control was the number one cause of these accidents.
  • Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight.It can happen anywhere and at any time.
  • There is one fatal accident involving Loss of Control every four days.

Learn more:

FAA Airplane Flying Handbook Approaches and Landings (Chapter 8).

This handy FAA/GAJSC Fact Sheet will give you what you need to know.

The FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) WINGS Pilot Proficiency Program has more information.

Time is getting short!! The FAAs Equip ADS-B website gives you the information you need to equip now.

Still not convinced? Learn more about what ADS-B can do for you.

Curious about FAA regulations (Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations)? Its a good idea to stay on top of them. You can find current FAA regulations on this website.

TheFAASafety.govwebsite has Notices, FAAST Blasts, online courses, webinars, and more on key general aviation safety topics.

TheWINGS Pilot Proficiency Programhelps pilots build an educational curriculum suitable for their unique flight requirements. It is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.

TheGeneral Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC)is comprised of government and industry experts who work together to use data to identify risk, pinpoint trends through root cause analysis, and develop safety strategies to reduce the risk of GA accidents. The GAJSC combines the expertise of many key decision makers in the FAA, several government agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and stakeholder groups. Industry participants include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Experimental Aircraft Association, General Aviation Manufacturers Association, Light Aircraft Manufacturers Association, National Business Aviation Association, National Air Transportation Association, National Association of Flight Instructors, Society of Aviation and Flight Educators, and the aviation insurance industry. The National Transportation Safety Board and the European Aviation Safety Agency participate as observers.

FAA Air Traffic Report

Today's Air Traffic Report:

Low clouds are expected today from the Washington, D.C., area (BWI, DCA, IAD) to the New York area (EWR, JFK, LGA), and in Houston (HOU, IAH), Los Angeles (LAX) and San Francisco (SFO). Thunderstorms are forecast in the Southeast and could delay flights in Atlanta (ATL) and Charlotte (CLT).

Pilots: Check out the new Graphical Forecasts for Aviation (GFA) Tool from the Aviation Weather Center.

For up-to-the-minute air traffic operations information, visit fly.faa.gov, and follow @FAANews on Twitter for the latest news and Air Traffic Alerts.

The FAA Air Traffic Report provides a reasonable expectation of any daily impactsto normal air traffic operations, i.e. arrival/departure delays, ground stoppages, airport closures. This information is for air traffic operations planning purposes and is reliable as weather forecasts and other factors beyond our ability to control.

Always check with your air carrier for flight-specific delay information.

FAA & EASA to Host Annual Safety Conference

Be sure to take advantage of the opportunity to network with one of the largest gatherings of aviation safety leaders from around the world.

The Federal Aviation Administration(FAA) and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will co-host the 17th Annual FAA-EASA International Safety Conference on June 19-21, 2018 at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C. The three-day gathering will feature more than 15 plenaries, panels and technical sessions on a broad range of international aviation safety topics such as best practices for reducing accident risk through improved technology, safety data and analysis, testing, training and certification.

At the conference, representatives from the FAA, EASA and other civil aviation authorities from around the world will gather with industry representatives from airlines, manufacturers, and trade organizations to discuss measures to enhance aviation safety. The conference will seek to strengthen harmonization of aviation standards worldwide, as well as improve aviation infrastructure and safety oversight capabilities.

Featured speakers include FAA Acting Administrator Daniel K. Elwell, FAA Associate Administrator for Aviation Safety Ali Bahrami and EASA Executive Director Patrick Ky.

Registration is live now, so sign up to attend today!

DOT Selects 10 Programs for Drone Testing

Accompanied by technology innovators and government leaders from across the nation, U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine L. Chao today announced the 10 state, local and tribal governments who will conduct flight tests as part of theUnmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Integration Pilot Program. The fields that could see immediate opportunities from the program include commerce, photography, emergency management, public safety, precision agriculture and infrastructure inspections.

FAA Begins Drone Airspace Authorization Expansion

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has begun expanding an automated system that will ultimately provide near real-time processing of airspace authorization requests for unmanned aircraft (UAS) operators nationwide.

Beginning today, the FAA is phasing in a nationwide beta test of the Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC) that will deploy the system incrementally at nearly 300 air traffic facilities covering approximately 500 airports. The beta expansion follows successful evaluation of a prototype LAANC system last November.

The first facilities taking part in the beta test are listed on our website. The final deployment will begin on September 13.

LAANC helps support the safe integration of drones into the nations airspace. Drone operators using the system can receive near real-time airspace authorizations. This dramatically decreases the wait experienced using the manual authorization process and allows operators to quickly plan their flights. LAANC uses airspace data provided through temporary flight restrictions, NOTAMS and UAS facility maps that show the maximum altitude ceiling around airports where the FAA may authorize operations under Part 107.

Beginning April 16, the FAA also began considering agreements with additional entities to provide LAANC services. Supplier applications must be made by May 16. Interested parties can find information on the application process on our website. This is not a standard government acquisition; there is no Screening Information Request (SIR) or Request for Proposal (RFP) related to this effort.

The FAA and industry are working together to develop and deploy LAANC applications, which will help set the global standard for a safe, and efficient unmanned traffic management system. It is an important step in developing the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management System (UTM).

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control Accidents

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the general aviation (GA) communitys national #FlySafe campaign helps educate GA pilots about the best practices to calculate and predict aircraft performance and to operate within established aircraft limitations.

A Loss of Control (LOC) accident involves an unintended departure of an aircraft from controlled flight. LOC can happen when the aircraft enters a flight regime that is outside its normal flight envelope and quickly develops into a stall or spin. It can introduce an element of surprise for the pilot.

What is a Smart Cockpit?
Imagine taking advantage of the automation available now to make your flight as safe as possible. The General Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC) has determined that pilots who use smart procedures, including automated checklists for normal and emergency operations, predictive aircraft performance, and performance monitoring, might help reduce their chances for an accident. Is that a good thing? YES!

The smart cockpit takes advantage of Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B), electronic ignition and engine control, interconnected devices, and flight information stream flow. ADS-B is the first step:

ADS-B
The ADS-B equipage date is firm: All aircraft flying in designated controlled airspace must be equipped with ADS-B Out avionics by January 1, 2020. Only aircraft that fly within uncontrolled airspace and aircraft without electrical systems, such as balloons and gliders, are exempt.

Those who have already equipped know the advantages of ADS-B. It provides more precision and reliability than the current radar system. It also provides improved aircraft position data, which is critical in collision avoidance. ADS-B In has a data link for environmental information, which can also be used for air traffic control (ATC) communications , notices to airmen (NOTAM), and up-to-the-minute temporary flight restriction information.

Time is running out. There are only 21 months left until the deadline. If you have questions, see the FAA Equip ADS-B website.

Electronic Ignition and Engine Control
If your car has a start button, you know what this is all about. Electronic Engine Control (EEC) systems are more reliable, more efficient, and less costly to purchase and maintain than analog systems. EECs evaluate input from engine and environmental sensors hundreds of times per minute, which keep your engine running at peak efficiency for your operational environment. Those same sensors will also give you a clear picture of your power plants health. If theres a problem, a light will let you know you need to schedule maintenance.

Interconnected Devices
Interconnected devices turn your cockpit into an information powerhouse. Air-to-ground data links can provide air traffic clearances and instructions as well as current weather and field condition reports and NOTAMs.

Link your phone to access even more information safely and securely. Youll be able to see where youre going without fumble-fingering your route. Information is transferred directly from your flight plan to your aircraft.

This is not technology of the future. Its here and ready to use, today!

Flight Information Stream
With a flight information stream, you can get complete information on your aircrafts health from a variety of internal and external sources that are available now, or will be soon. This information can be formed, updated, and presented in a graphical and text form.

In the future, ATC communications and aircraft configuration will be integrated, and smart checklists for normal and emergency operations will appear as needed.

With all that information, the aircraft will be able to predict performance in takeoff, cruise, approach, and landing operations. Imagine knowing how much runway youll need for every take-off and landing!! Smart!

By taking advantage of the smart systems available, youll increase the safety and efficiency of your aircraft, and youll have a lot more time to do what you enjoy the most: flying!

Message from Acting FAA Administrator Daniel Elwell:
The FAA and industry are working together to prevent Loss of Control (LOC) accidents and save lives. You can help make a difference by joining our #Fly Safe campaign. Every month on FAA.gov, we provide pilots with Loss of Control solutions developed by a team of experts some of which are already reducing risk. I hope you will join us in this effort and spread the word. Follow #FlySafe on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. I know that we can reduce these accidents by working together as a community.

More about Loss of Control
Contributing factors may include:

  • Poor judgment or aeronautical decision making
  • Failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action
  • Intentional failure to comply with regulations
  • Failure to maintain airspeed
  • Failure to follow procedure
  • Pilot inexperience and proficiency
  • Use of prohibited or over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol

Did you know?

  • From October 2016 through September 2017, 247 people died in 209 general aviation accidents.
  • Loss of Control was the number one cause of these accidents.
  • Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight.It can happen anywhere and at any time.
  • There is one fatal accident involving Loss of Control every four days.

Learn more:
There are only 21 months left! FAAs Equip ADS-B website gives you the information you need to equip now.

Still not convinced? Learn more about what ADS-B can do for you.

This GA Safety Enhancement Fact Sheet will show you how you can improve your personal efficiency with a Smart Cockpit. Or, watch this video.

Curious about FAA regulations (Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations)? Its a good idea to stay on top of them. Find current FAA regulations on this website.

TheFAASafety.govwebsite has Notices, FAAST Blasts, online courses, webinars, and more on key general aviation safety topics.

TheWINGS Pilot Proficiency Programhelps pilots build an educational curriculum suitable for their unique flight requirements.It is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.

TheGAJSCis comprised of government and industry experts who work together to use data to identify risk, pinpoint trends through root cause analysis, and develop safety strategies to reduce the risk of GA accidents. The GAJSC combines the expertise of many key decision makers in the FAA, several government agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and stakeholder groups. Industry participants include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Experimental Aircraft Association, General Aviation Manufacturers Association, Light Aircraft Manufacturers Association, National Business Aviation Association, National Air Transportation Association, National Association of Flight Instructors, Society of Aviation and Flight Educators, and the aviation insurance industry. The National Transportation Safety Board and the European Aviation Safety Agency participate as observers.

FAA Statement on Issuing Emergency Airworthiness Directive (EAD)

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued an Emergency Airworthiness Directive (EAD) that requires operators to inspect fan blades on certain CFM56-7B engines within 20 days.

The directive is based on a CFM International Service Bulletin issued today and on information gathered from the investigation of Tuesdays Southwest Airlines engine failure. The inspection requirement applies to CFM56-7B engines. Specifically, engineswith more than30,000total cyclesfrom new must complete inspections within 20 days. The EAD becomes effective upon publication. The engine manufacturer estimates todays corrective action affects352 engines in the U.S. and 681 engines worldwide.

FAA Statement on Issuing Airworthiness Directive (AD)

The FAA will issue an Airworthiness Directive (AD) within the next two weeks that will require inspections of certain CFM56-7B engines. The directive will require an ultrasonic inspection of fan blades when they reach a certain number of takeoffs and landings. Any blades that fail the inspection will have to be replaced.

FAA Response to 60 Minutes Story of April 15, 2018



FAAs response to the 60 Minutes story (PDF) of April 15, 2018 includes:

  • Signed letter from Ali Bahrami, Associate Administrator, Aviation Safety
  • FAA Order 8000.373, FAA Compliance Philosophy
  • FAA Order 8000.72, FAA Integrated Oversight Philosophy